The framers of the U.S. Constitution created the Electoral College as a result

of a compromise for the presidential election process. During the debate,

some delegates felt that a direct popular election would lead to the

election of each state’s favorite son and none would emerge with sufficient

popular majority to govern the country. Other delegates felt that giving

Congress the power to select the president would deny the people their right

to choose. After all, the people voted for their representatives to the

federal legislature. The compromise was to set up an Electoral College

system that allowed voters to vote for electors, who would then cast their

votes for candidates, a system described in Article II, section 1 of the

Constitution.

 

Each state is allocated a number of electors equal to the number of its U.S.

senators (always two) plus the number of its U.S. representatives (which may

change each decade according to the size of each state’s population as

determined in the census).

 

Whichever party slate wins the most popular votes in the state becomes that

state’s electors – so that, in effect, whichever presidential ticket gets the

most popular votes in a state could win all the electors of that state.

 

The debate has started again as to whether the U.S. Constitution should be

amended in order to change the presidential election process. Some promote

eliminating the Electoral College in favor of a direct popular vote for

president while others believe the Electoral College should remain

unchanged. Just as compromise solved the initial problems of the framers so

it is that compromise can solve this problem. The solution is to change the

electoral votes to electoral points and reward each candidate a percentage

of points based on the percentage of popular votes received in each state.

 

This would eliminate the “winner take all” system thus allowing for all the

votes to count. A voter is more apt to believe their vote counted when a

percentage of popular votes are taken into account rather than the “all or

nothing” system currently in existence. Further, this new system would

integrate the desire for a popular vote for president with the need for the

individual states to determine who actually gets elected.

 

As for political primaries the number of delegates awarded in each state

should be determined by the percentage of votes won by each candidate.

 

For 2016 multiplying the percentage of votes each candidate received

(in each state) times the number of electoral votes (in each state) results

in the following: Clinton 256.985 and Trump 253.482.

 

Joe Bialek

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