A basketball game is 40 minutes of players working to win, shoes squeaking on the floor and fans calling the Hogs. Laws and university officials work to make sure that all of these players – men and women – have equal opportunity to practice facilities, promotions and equipment.
As women’s basketball gained popularity around the country, the funding and the attention evolved to reflect that growth, said Kevin Trainor, associate athletic director of public relations. The women had what they need to be successful and to emerge from a club or intramural program to an AIAW program. Women’s basketball has been a part of the UofA for almost a century, according to the women’s basketball website. The yearbook references women’s basketball before men’s, but the first women’s varsity team wasn’t created until 1976, according to the women’s basketball website.
To maintain equality between male and female sports, Title IX was signed into law by then-president Richard Nixon and in 1988 required that every program receiving federal funding must comply to Title IX, according to the Women’s Sports Foundation website.
Since, there have have been many lawsuits involving athletes challenging schools, like Cohen v Brown University, which ruled that Brown University was not complying to Title IX, according to Women’s Sport Foundation website.
Title IX is a federal law that prohibits discrimination based on sex at any institution that receives federal funding, Title IX Coordinator Tyler R. Farrar.
The law places certain obligations on the university. One fundamental requirement of Title IX is the equal opportunities to participate in college sports, Farrar said.
The women’s basketball team brought in $259,489 in revenue while the men’s team brought in more than $16.3 million in revenue, according to the Equity in Athletic Data Analysis.
Other than football, men’s basketball provides the most revenue for the funding of all 19 sports and 460 Razorback student-athletes, Trainor said.
Tickets for the women’s team cost $5 for adults and $3 for children, according to the Arkansas Razorback Official Athletic website.
Men’s tickets cost $20-$25 for a back seat and $30 for a closer seat, according to the Arkansas Razorback Official Athletic website.
Trainor is not aware of any ranking that gauges equality between schools, he said.
The National Women’s Law Center ranks states by Title IX. Arkansas is ranked in the 43rd, meaning nearly 44 percent of school in Arkansas have a gender gap between male and female sports, according to a survey on the National Women’s Law Center website.
Each state was measured to see if the percentage of spots on teams designated for girl equaled the percentage of student who are girls. If the school has 10 percentage points or higher then the school has a large gender inequality gap, according to NWLC’s website.
The UofA makes sure both teams receive equal treatment in regards to practice facility, access to amenities, provided NIKE equipment, chartered travel and more. Both teams also have full time communication directors, Marketing Directors and Razorback Sports personal, Trainor said.
“Things aren't necessarily duplicated for each program, but each program is treated equitably in promoting the sport and it students-athletics,” Trainor said over an email.
Recruitment for both teams is decided by the NCAA, Trainor said. For instance there are different dates that PSA’s, or prospective student-athletes, can be contacted by coaches for the male players and the female players.
Coaches interested in a PSA must follows some regulations when they pursue a high school student. For freshman and sophomore boys being recruited they can only receive small things like questionnaire and camp information. But after June 15 PSA’s are allowed to receive unlimited phone calls and other forms of electronic communication, according to NCAA Division 1 Men’s Basketball Recruitment Guide.
Freshman and sophomores PSAs can also receive questionnaires and camp information from colleges, but they will not be allowed unlimited telephone calls and other electronic communication until September 1 when they become juniors in highschool, according to NCAA Division 1 Women’s Basketball Recruitment Guide.
Both male and Female PSA are allowed five official visits, but for male their visit start January first of their Junior year in high school and for women it begins the Thursday after the NCAA women’s basketball championship, according to the NCAA Division 1 Women’s Basketball Recruitment Guide.
A major difference between team is the revenue that the teams bring in.
Although Title IX protects the players all universities have hiring procedures are set to ensure that consideration of all applications, including male, female, and those of different origins and backgrounds, Trainor said.
The last time the women’s basketball team had a women's coach was Susie Gardner from 2003-07, Trainor said.
When hiring Coach Dykes, there were a number of males and females considered and who were interviewed for the head women’s basketball coach, Trainor said.
Dykes make $832,000 while Mike Anderson, the male basketball coach, earns $3,050,700, according to the UofA Board of Trustees meeting agenda.